Growth and Shared Prosperity in Brazil - Kakwani, Nanak, Neri, Marcelo Cortes, Vaz, Fábio Monteiro

July/2019

Sobre o paper: 

ABSTRACT

This paper proposes extensions of the idea of shared prosperity and inclusive development. It explores dynamic growth linkages between mean income, inequality and social welfare, on the one hand, and different labor ingredients and income sources, on the other. We propose a new decomposition method that quantifies the contributions to the shared growth patterns observed of social policies such as education, social security benefits, BPC and Bolsa Família and of classic labor market performance such as unemployment and participation rates, returns to schooling, hourly wages and hours worked. The paper also extends the idea of shared prosperity to shared opportunities that leads to new measures of inequity in opportunities. These can be calculated from household surveys that provide information on individuals’ access to various basic services in education, health, living conditions and so on.  The proposed methodologies are applied to the Brazilian National Household Survey (PNAD) covering the period 2001-2013. Many policy questions relating to labor market performance and social policies are explored in explaining how Brazil achieved shared growth since the dawn of the new millennium.

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KAKWANI, Nanak; NERI, Marcelo C.; VAZ, Fábio M. Growth and Shared Prosperity in Brazil. 2017. FGV EPGE-Ensaio Econômico n.794. Available online at: <http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/19458

KAKWANI, Nanak; NERI, Marcelo C.; VAZ, Fábio M. Growth and Shared Prosperity in Brazil. 2017. FGV Repositório Digital. Available online at: <http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/19458

KAKWANI, Nanak; NERI, Marcelo C.; VAZ, Fábio M. Growth and Shared Prosperity in Brazil. 2019. FGV Social. Available online at: <https://cps.fgv.br/en/growth-and-shared-prosperity-brazil